The Pyles site consisted of a circular 150-foot wide habitation area surrounding a central plaza. The plaza, which the Native residents kept clean, had a diameter of 150 feet. Stone burial mounds were located adjacent to the habitation area.
Research targeted the habitation area. Investigations recovered large amounts of ceramics, spear points, and the debris from making and maintaining chipped stone tools.
Researchers failed to find posthole patterns indicative of structures, but they did document dense artifact clusters of sherds, burned rock, nutting stones, and fired clay. These they interpreted as areas where families had built their houses.
Late Woodland ceramic jars tend to have thinner walls and are larger relative to earlier Woodland vessels. In central and northern Kentucky, these vessels also have distinctively thickened angular shoulders. This shift to thin-walled pottery took place at the same time Native gardeners increased their reliance on starchy- and oily-seeded native plants like goosefoot, sunflower, and maygrass.