Throughout its history of use, Native Americans occupied the shelter repeatedly, but these were short stays. They did not leave behind large quantities of items linked to everyday domestic activities, like chipped stone tools and debris from tool making and maintenance, fragments of pottery, or food remains such as animal bones.
Instead, they left behind large quantities of diverse plant remains. The seeds of native cultigens were well-represented: goosefoot, maygrass, marshelder, erect knotweed, and sunflower. Also present were nuts, like hickory and walnut, and the seeds of wild plants, like grape, amaranth, blackberry, and sumac.
While at the site, Native peoples appear to have processed plants for later use - perhaps in the late fall or winter.