The Lake Cumberland Petroglyph site sits on a bluff overlooking the Cumberland River. The image consists of a series of eight human footprints. It was recorded in the 1960s by several interested lay persons who documented rock art sites throughout Kentucky.
Petroglyphs are distinguished from pictographs by how the artist drew them. Petroglyphs are designs pecked, carved, engraved, incised, or abraded into a rock's surface. Pictographs, on the other hand, are designs painted on a rock's surface. Dendroglyphs are designs carved or painted into the bark of a living tree.
In Kentucky, the vast majority of Native American rock art sites are petroglyphs; only a few pictographs have been documented in the state. This marked difference is probably due in part to environmental factors - the wet, humid climate of Kentucky quickly obliterated pictographs in all but the most ideal locations.